Today in Postal History

England Internal Usage

July 20, 1822

This is a stampless folded letter from Manchester.
Its destination was Penrith which is about 30 km south of
Carlisle at the head of the Solway Furth on the border of Scotland.

Penrith was probably on the coastal post road from Liverpool to Glasgow.

The addressee - Messrs Grane and Bleaymire - has the sound of a firm of barristers.

As I looked closely at the CDS I wasn'tt sure that the date in the CDS is for July 20.

Was the month IY for July or IY (roman numeral) for April?
Cancels of this era for Jamaica were Iamaica.
I now have confirmation that the IY is July.*

The 185 was the distance from London on the post road.
It is a later style mileage mark.
It was an aid in determining rates on arrival.*
The post roads radiated from London as well as
having a few east-west routes with transit points.

The rate marking is 9d.
Penrith was 280 miles from London; therefore 95 miles from Manchester.
The 9d. rate for 81 to 120 miles was set July 9, 1812
(Ref.: Montgonery's The Postage rates of the North Atlantic Mails (1625-1950)  p. A2-2).

This was how the receiving office worked out the rates at the time,

especially from more obscure offices they wouldn't see very often.
They would probably have known the rate from a large town such as
Manchester without having to do the sums, particularly one on the same post road.*

The remains of the wax seal can be seen.
There are also two file folds near the sides.

*Thanks to Dave P. (orthorpteran)  and David Benson for their help in providing answers to my questions.
Thanks to Bill Longley for the citation on rates.


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