Today in Postal History


 

Cameroons to England
February 24, 1932

The Woermann shipping line set up an African base on the Kamerun River
and by 1882 was running a mail boat service (Hamburg-Westafrika).
This led to a German protectorate of the coastal area around Duala (now Douala).
Germany expanded their interests in the area up until World War I.

The Allies began a campaign for Kamerun
with the capture of Duala on September 27, 1914.
It took until February 18, 1916, for the last German Post Office
in Mora inland south of Lake Chad to be captured.

The colony was divided between Britain and France on March 4, 1916.
After the war, mandates were granted to the two nations
by the League of Nations based on the de facto partition line.

The British mandate, Cameroons,  was a narrow strip along
the northwest boundary of the former German colony.
The remainder became the French mandate, Cameroun.
Cameroon was reunited after a plebiscite in 1961.

The stamps of Nigeria were used in Cameroons from some time in 1920.
This is an example of mail posted from Victoria on the coast of the Gulf of Guinea.
Victoria was a settlement of English Baptist missionaries on Ambas Bay.
There are two CDS with VICTORIA-CAMEROONS | UNDER BRITISH MANDATE.
As the CDS didn't strike the stamps, someone cancelled them with two pen slashes.

The cover is franked with two King George V stamps.
The d green was issued in 1921 (Scott 18) and
the 1d orange was issued in 1931 (Scott 20).

The destination was Old Hill.
There are a couple of Old Hills; however, it has been suggested that this one
is just north of Halesowen in the West Midlands west of Birmingham.*
There are no transit or arrival marks.

*Thanks to Dave Parsons for correcting the destination and locating Old Hill for me.

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