Notes from the Past

Mail Exchange between United States and Canada in 1847

The Post Office Department made arrangements to facilitate the exchange of mail between the United States and Canada.  This involved designating certain post offices for the dispatch and receipt of mails near the border.  The regulations and postage revenue recording requirements were provided by Postal Laws and Regulations for the Government of the Post Office Department published in 1847 as follows:

Post Offices for the Despatch and Receipt of Foreign Mails bordering on the British Provinces.

     475.  By arrangements made with the proper authorities in the British Provinces, mail communications have been established at several points along the frontier of the United States.  They are as follows:
    476.  Houlton and Robbinstown, Maine; Derby Line, Highgate, and Burlington, Vermont; White Hall, Plattsburgh, Rouse's Point, Port Covington, Ogdensburg, Morristown, Cape Vincent, Oswego, Rochester, and Lewistown, New York; Detroit, Michigan; also New York City and Albany, by special arrangement with Toronto, Kingston, and Montreal.


    477.  Letters received from the British Provinces for offices in the United States, are to be rated at the first post office in the United States at which they are received, with the proper postage from the United States line to the office addressed, except where the letters are prepaid for the whole distance at the offices mailing them in the Provinces.
    478.  Letters placed in any office in the United States, addressed to offices in New Brunswick and Canada, are to be rated with the proper postage to the United States line.  The postage is not required to be paid in advance, as it will be collected and accounted for buy the Deputy Postmaster General of New Brunswick, and by the Deputy Postmaster General of Canada.
    479.  Postmasters bordering on the Canadian frontier will keep an exact account of the postage on all letters, newspapers, pamphlets, &c., passing into those Provinces, and keep an account of the postage on all letters, &c., received from those provinces, separate and distinct from the accounts of other mails received at and sent from, their respective offices.
   480.  Postmasters will be allowed a compensation of seven per cent, on the postages of letters, &c., received from the British Provinces and distributed in the United States, and a commission of three and a half per cent on letters, &c., sent into those Provinces from the United States.

Posted July 18, 2000

Editor's Note:  Modern philatelists are indebted to Theron Wierenga who republished this volume in 1980.  Italics follow the original.

Index of 508 Notes from the Past

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